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JRPMS Vol 5, No 4, December 2021, p.122-125

doi: 10.22540/JRPMS-05-122

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Case Report

Rib enchondroma: A case report

Rohit M. Sane1, Maitreya J. Patil1, Sunil H. Shetty1, Suhas C. Bendre2

  1. Department of Orthopaedics, D Y Patil University School of Medicine, Nerul, Navi-Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  2. Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, D Y Patil University School of Medicine, Nerul, Navi-Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Keywords: Bone neoplasms, Chondroma, Ribs


Abstract

Enchondroma is a slow growing benign cartilaginous tumour arising from the medullary cavity. These tumours are more of an incidental finding, while screening for surrounding pathologies. Enchondroma of the rib is a rare finding. A 29 year-old Asian male, presented to the outpatient department with complaints of; Right sided chest tenderness since a year. There was no history of fall or trauma. Chest X-ray revealed a well-circumscribed lytic lesion of around 4x2x2 cm, located on the right 5th rib. After surgery, patient’s histopathology report revealed an enchondroma of the rib (5x2x1.5 cm with a lytic area of 2x1 cm). Despite enchondromas being benign, the ones in the ribs should be closely examined for signs of enchondrosarcoma. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice.