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JRPMS Vol 5, No 2, June 2021, p.79-87

doi: 10.22540/JRPMS-05-079


Review Article

Choosing the site to estimate bone mineral density with DXA method

Tatiana Themeli1, Ioannis K. Triantafyllopoulos2

  1. Department of Radiology, General Hospital of Thiva, Greece
  2. Laboratory for Research of the Musculoskeletal System, Medical School, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Keywords: Bone Mineral Density, Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry, Imaging, Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis is a chronic disease requiring prompt and accurate diagnosis. The most widely used quantitative bone imaging technique for estimating Bone Mineral Density (BMD) both for research purposes and in the clinical practice according to WHO, is DXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry). DXA may be performed at the axial (lumbar spine, proximal femur) and appendicular skeleton (distal forearm) for the diagnosis of osteoporosis. In this review, we summarize basic considerations concerning the technique, as well as recommendations for scanning sites in different individuals.