JRPMS Vol 2, No 2, June 2018, p.53-57
Clinical consequences of pseudotumors in hip arthroplasty
Georgios I. Karagiannis
- 4th Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, KAT Hospital, Athens, Greece
Keywords: Total hip arthroplasty, Metal-on-metal, Pseudotumor, Hip revision, Metal ions
The occurrence of pseudotumors currently constitutes an important topic of interest among orthopaedic surgeons who prefer metal on metal arthroplasty and especially hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Adverse reactions to metal ions are associated with the formation of such lesions and the orientation of implants has also been implicated in their pathogenesis. The diagnosis of pseudotumors is as difficult as complex. There is a variety of symptoms and patients with mild or tolerable pain may not seek medical attention. Revision surgeries may be the only solution in some cases. The goal of this article is to review the clinical presentation, prognosis of pseudotumors and associated complications, based on evidence published in the literature.